Ecstasy is a synthetic drug that is also known as MDMA. It has psychoactive properties and is a stimulant. A person can take it as a capsule or a tablet, and it is often found in clubs and party scenes. Ecstasy is known by many names. The street names for ecstasy include XTC, X, hug, beans, love drug, and Adam.
What is ecstasy?
MDMA, methylenedioxymethamphetamine, is a chemical in the amphetamine family. Ecstasy as it is sold can have a variety of compositions including corn starch, detergent, amphetamines, caffeine, and/or aspirin. It is sold as a gel, powder, or tablet. It is usually swallowed, but can be snorted or injected. Ecstasy was originally developed by Merck in 1912 proposed as an aid to psychiatric counseling but not used due to its limited applications. It is a central nervous system stimulant with mild hallucinogenic effects. It is an internationally controlled substance.
People take the drug for the euphoric, intoxicating effects. Signs of ecstasy use include heightened sensory perception, for example, the tactile sense may be exaggerated. A person may want to be touched or want to touch things that feel nice to him or her. A person going to clubs to dance will have his energy increased so that he can dance all night.
But the user may experience nausea, chills, or involuntary teeth clenching. Muscles may cramp and vision may blur or be otherwise disturbed. It could be a sign of ecstasy use if a young person comes home after an all-night party and seems excited and energetic, but perhaps a little confused. They may also be sweating but have chills and nausea. They may have a dry mouth and dilated pupils. Muscles may be tense and the person may seem overly alert for the circumstances.
The short-term side effects of ecstasy include mental stimulation, emotional warmth and increased physical energy. Enhanced sensory perception is also a potential side effect. This means that a person taking the drug may seem to be very friendly, hyperactive or full of energy, may see or hear things that others can’t at the same distance (but these are not hallucinations or delusions), and may seem wide awake, even after hours of activity.
Adverse symptoms of ecstasy use may include:
- Blurred vision
- Muscle cramps
- Clenching of the teeth